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HOSPITAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
A hospital information systems (HIS) is a computer system that
is designed to manage all the hospital’s medical and administrative information
in order to enable health professional perform their jobs effectively and
Hospital information systems were first developed in the 1960s
and have been an essential part in hospital information management and
administration. Early systems consisted of large central computers connected to
by dumb terminals, which are now being replaced by networked microcomputers.
The systems were used to manage patient finance and hospital inventory.
Hospital information systems now focus on the integration of
all clinical, financial and administrative applications and thus could also be
called an integrated hospital information processing systems (IHIPS).
Components of a hospital information system consist of two or more of the
A look at the list above shows how complex a hospital
information system can be. Advancement in computer technology and the
development of information exchange standards such HL7
and DICOM, make the task administering and integrating such systems a little
No hospital information system can be regarded as a success
unless it has the full participation of its users. Thus human and social
factors would have to be considered in its design, more often than not, they
can be easily addressed by providing adequate training and education about the